Recently, the State Council issued the "Made in China 2025" plan, proposing nine strategic tasks, five key projects, and several major policy initiatives. In my opinion, this planning is actually based on tradition and focusing on future planning. The so-called based on tradition is to give full play to the advantages of traditional industries and promote the qualitative leap of China's manufacturing industry on the basis of traditional industries.
Therefore, the core of "Made in China 2025" is that it is by no means a medium-to-long-term development plan in the general sense, but a comprehensive action plan that takes into account current and long-term strategies and tactics. It may also be based on this design that "Made in China 2025" should actually be a "intelligent manufacturing industry" plan, and this "intelligence" is reflected in many aspects. For example, the integration of traditional industries and traditional industries, the combination of traditional industries and intelligent industries, the pulling of traditional industries by emerging industries, the linkage of physical and information, and so on, all reflect the real "intelligence". No wonder the Minister of Industry and Information Technology Miao Wei pointed out with confidence: "This means that by 2025, China's comprehensive index will approach the level of manufacturing power when Germany and Japan achieved industrialization, basically achieve industrialization, and enter the world's second strong matrix of manufacturing powers."
We must see that the "re-industrialization transformation" that is happening around the world provides a significant historical opportunity for Chinese manufacturing, because we can "overtake the curve." However, "curve overtaking" requires superb driving skills. It needs to see three directions: far, middle, and near. At the same time, it needs to use curved and highly flexible driving skills. In addition, to refuel, you must ensure that the vehicle cannot get out of control.
One of the biggest difficulties to deal with is that the world is moving towards "re-industrialization", but what kind of technological leadership in the future will there be a huge industry like the Internet that is sufficient to support economic growth? To be honest, It is not clear at this time. Therefore, when the direction is not clear, it is more difficult to "overtake the curve".
Because of this, the "Made in China 2025" plan actually does not clearly reflect the concept of "overtaking in curves", but only adopts the following tactics of developed manufacturing industries in an attempt to break through major basic technical bottlenecks in the process. For example, 80% of the world's air conditioners, 70% of mobile phones and 60% of shoes are made in China. The independent innovation ability is insufficient, and the key core technologies are still subject to others. For example, LCD screens, which account for 70% of the cost of LCD TVs, are mostly from South Korea. Imports, and the quality of domestic LCD screens still cannot keep up; and Chinese cars, already the world's largest producers and consumers, but in the global industrial chain division of labor, China is mainly in the assembly and component manufacturing links, and is located in the low value chain The manufacturing of key and core components is mainly controlled by Mercedes-Benz, GM, Toyota and other multinational companies. Of course, there are still gaps in a large number of key areas such as high-end chips, aircraft engines, and gas turbines.
This is the reality. If such key and basic technologies and products cannot be made in China, China cannot become a manufacturing power, and “curve overtaking” is even more difficult. The question is, how much time can the world leave to China? Given the current state of the manufacturing industry, China currently does not have the possibility of “overtaking in a curve”. However, we cannot give up on this. It requires the spirit of "two bombs and one star", keeping abreast of more cutting-edge technologies with the power of the country, allowing most of our enterprises to transform and upgrade, while gaining more insights and focusing on the future. So I hope that, behind "Made in China 2025", there is also a "Technical Breakthrough 2025".